A laparotomy requires an operative incision in the interior of the abdomen. This is used to inspect abdominal organs for any complications, including abdominal pain, and to help diagnose them. Sometimes, the problem can be overcome during laparotomy – if the problem has been recognized. A second operation is necessary for other situations. Abdominal exploration is another name for laparotomy. One main cause of laparotomy is abdominal pain but a wide variety of signs can need the treatment. The digestive tract, like your stomach, your kidneys, and your bowel, and excreta (such as your collar, your bladder) are part of the abdominal organs. Your physician may need to work to decide your complaint’s exact source. For example, you may need to figure out where the colon can be perforated (burst) before treatment can start, or the explanation for the internal bleeding in the digestive tract.


Laparotomy is considered one of the major surgery by many surgeons. Your heart and lungs are examined in the hospital to make sure the general anesthesia is safe. In your arm or hand, an intravenous (IV) line is inserted. You will track the vital signs. A breathing pipe or a catheter may also be required. You will be unconscious during the operation, but you will feel nothing.

A long vertical incision is made on your belly, while your skin is disinfected. The surgeon then scans for injury or illness in the abdomen. A biopsy sample may be taken if there is suspicious tissue. When it is possible to find out the cause of the problem, it can also be treated surgically.

The incision will be closed by stitches. A temporary drain can be left to release excess fluids.

Treatment at B.P Poddar:

B.P. Podder Hospital, Kolkata, India has a team of experts and advanced facilities who are able to conduct laparotomy to prevent fallopian tube ruptures, to carry out such life-saving procedures at a reasonable cost. Laparotomy is an opening for exploratory purposes in the abdomen. This only occurs in medical emergencies or where the signs cannot be clarified by any screening tests. It is effective in the management of certain abdominal and pelvic disorders. If the issue has been detected, surgery may be performed concurrently, which can remove the need for a second surgery.

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