The introduction of Laser has revolutionized the treatment of Kidney stones. Patient compliance in terms of zero pain, zero bleeding and next day discharge. Let us know more about Kidney stones, reasons, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

What is the reason for the formation of Kidney Stones?

The exact cause of kidney stones can vary, and multiple factors may contribute to their formation. Here are some common reasons for the development of kidney stones:

  1. Dehydration: Insufficient fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, which increases the risk of crystal formation.
  2. Dietary Factors: Diets high in certain substances, such as oxalate, sodium, and animal proteins, can contribute to stone formation.
  3. Calcium Levels: An imbalance in calcium levels in the urine can lead to the formation of calcium oxalate stones.
  4. Genetic Predisposition: A family history of kidney stones may increase an individual's susceptibility to stone formation.

What are the symptoms of Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones often cause intense pain in the back or side, below the ribs. Common symptoms include severe flank or abdominal pain, radiating to the groin or genitals. Pain may be accompanied by blood in the urine, frequent urination, urgency to urinate, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, and discomfort during urination. Nausea, vomiting, and fever may occur if an infection is present. Smaller stones may pass without symptoms, while larger ones can obstruct the urinary tract, causing intense pain.

How is Kidney Stone Diagnosed?

A simple painless Ultrasonography scan detect Kidney stones. Further if required, MRI or CT Scan can also be conducted.

How to remove Kidney Stone?

Treatment for kidney stones depends on their size, composition, and severity of symptoms. Small stones may pass on their own with increased fluid intake Larger stones or those causing severe pain may require surgical intervention.

If the Dr. has recommended surgery, what is the risk of delaying or ignoring the surgery?

Delaying or ignoring kidney stone surgery recommended by a doctor can lead to several risks. Persistent stones may cause ongoing pain, urinary tract infections, and kidney damage. Larger stones may obstruct the urinary tract, increasing the risk of severe complications such as hydronephrosis (swelling of the kidney) and kidney infections. Chronic issues may impact kidney function and potentially lead to long-term kidney damage. Prompt surgical intervention is essential to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and preserve kidney health.

What are the surgical methods to remove Kidney stone?

PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) is one of the most preferred ways of removing Kidney stones. It is a minimally invasive process with a single incision making the process very less painful with lesser bleeding and faster recovery.

At B.P. Poddar Hospital, we are also having the latest procedure, Laser Kidney Stone Removal. It is a revolution in Endourology as there is no incision made. It is a bloodless and painless procedure where the entire process is done by inserting a Ureteroscope through the urethra. The stones are fragmented using laser and removed.


The person can be discharged the next day and can resume day-to-day activities soon.

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