Around 7 percent of Indians suffering from mental disorders have schizophrenia, a persistent brain condition. Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, difficulty thinking, and a lack of motivation are all possible signs of schizophrenia. The majority of schizophrenia symptoms will significantly improve with therapy, and the risk of a relapse can be reduced.
Schizophrenia has no known cure, but research is advancing new, safer therapies. Additionally, experts are figuring out the disease's origins by researching behavioral issues, examining genetics, and employing cutting-edge imaging to examine the structure and operation of the brain. These strategies provide the possibility of developing fresh, potent treatments.
There are many misunderstandings concerning schizophrenia, which may be partially explained by the intricacy of the condition. Split personality or multiple personalities are not characteristics of schizophrenia. The majority of those who have schizophrenia are no more dangerous or violent than the average populace. It is a myth that persons with schizophrenia end up homeless or living in hospitals, even while a lack of community facilities for mental health may cause recurrent hospitalizations and homelessness. The majority of those who have schizophrenia live with their families, in group homes, or alone.
According to research, schizophrenia affects both sexes almost equally, albeit it may manifest sooner in men. All throughout the world, rates are comparable. Because of the high prevalence of co-occurring illnesses including diabetes and heart disease, people with schizophrenia have a higher mortality rate than the general population.
Positive symptoms include hallucinations, such as hearing voices or seeing things that aren't there, paranoia, and distorted or exaggerated perceptions, beliefs, and behaviors (those that are abnormally present).
Negative symptoms include a loss or a reduction in one's capacity to make plans, communicate, express one's feelings, or enjoy oneself.
Symptoms of disorder include confusion, disorganized speech, difficulty thinking logically, and occasionally odd behavior or aberrant motions.
Despite the fact that there is no treatment for schizophrenia, many individuals manage well with few symptoms. Numerous antipsychotic drugs assist lessen the intensity and likelihood of recurrent acute episodes while also diminishing the psychotic symptoms that are present during the acute phase of the illness. Other psychological therapies try to lower stress, boost employment, or improve social skills. Psychological treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy or supportive psychotherapy may reduce symptoms and improve function.
Substance abuse might impede diagnosis and therapy. The risk of substance abuse is higher in people with schizophrenia than in the general population. If a person exhibits indicators of addiction, therapy for schizophrenia should also address the addiction.