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WORLD ANTIBIOTICS AWARENESS WEEK

Every November 18–24, World Antibiotic Awareness Week brings antibiotic resistance to our attention and highlights the efforts of the medical community to educate people on how to use these life-saving medications properly.  According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the bacterial reaction to antibiotic usage results in antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria develop this resistance, not people or animals.

HISTORY

The worldwide problem of antibiotic resistance is being handled with haste by the World Health Organisation (WHO), and for good cause. You run the risk of dying if you get sick or infected and the conventional antibiotic treatment doesn't work. It really is that easy.

According to WHO, this is a global issue that is becoming worse as a result of poverty-related diseases and infections that are becoming more and more resistant to medications. The World Health Assembly elevated the issue of antibiotic resistance to a global emergency in May 2015. "New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases," the World Health Organisation said in describing the issue. As antibiotics lose their effectiveness, an increasing number of infections, including gonorrhoea, pneumonia, TB, blood poisoning, and foodborne illnesses, are become tougher and occasionally untreatable to treat.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) set forth five objectives concerning the issue of global antibiotic resistance: boosting awareness, stepping up monitoring and research, decreasing infections, optimising the use of antimicrobial drugs, and pledging "sustainable investment."

Most crucially, these objectives created a framework for antibiotic resistance that other countries could use to prioritise and allocate resources for medical professionals and researchers. National action plans were to coordinate with international efforts to develop antimicrobial drugs for improved animal health and application in agriculture, in addition to reducing antibiotic resistance in humans.  By 2017, countries were expected to provide updates to the WHO health assemblies. Since then, the growing issue of antibiotic resistance has received more local and worldwide media attention.

WORLD ANTIBIOTIC AWARENESS WEEK TIMELINE

KEY FACTORS ABOUT ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
  • The issue of antibiotic resistance is worldwide.
It's crucial to keep in mind that, regardless of where we live or how sophisticated our medical training and practises may be, everyone has the potential to be impacted during World Antibiotic Awareness Week.  
  • Natural evolution leads to the development of antibiotic resistance.
When bacteria are exposed to an antibiotic, the more resistant ones survive and can pass on their increased resistance to their progeny, while the weaker bacteria are destroyed.
  • Inappropriate usage of antibiotics can lead to resistance.
If you don't understand how to take your medication, make sure to consult your doctor. Merely taking antibiotics in the incorrect dosage (either too much or too little) might raise the potential of resistance by not successfully treating the illness.
  • Medicines of poor quality may increase resistance.
Worldwide, there is often no quality control for pharmaceuticals. When subpar treatments are used, they could not be as successful in curing bacterial infections as they should be, which increases the likelihood that the illness will spread.
  • Antibiotic resistance can be decreased with improved infection prevention and management.
Contrary to popular belief, hospitals consistently contribute to the issue of antibiotic resistance because hospitalised patients with infectious conditions can spread germs to other patients, increasing the risk of resistance developing. This is true despite hospitals' strict sterile procedures.

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